November 2022
February 22, 2024

Debt-ridden Ghana plans to buy oil with gold instead of dollars, as foreign currency reserves dwindle to an alarming low

  • Ghana’s government is planning to use gold to pay for oil instead of shelling out US dollars.
  • The move is expected to reduce the “persistent depreciation” of the cedi, the Ghanaian currency.
  • As of end-September, Ghana’s forex reserves were just enough to cover 3 months worth of imports.

Ghana’s government is planning to go back to a barter system of trade.

In order to protect the country’s fast-dwindling foreign currency reserves, Ghana wants to pay for oil with gold instead of shelling out precious US dollars, Mahamudu Bawumia, the country’s vice president said Thursday

Ghana’s gross international reserves  have fallen by about one-third — from $9.7 billion at the end of 2021 to around $6.6 billion at the end of September 2022, according to official data.

The reserves will cover just 2.9 months of the country’s goods and services imports — short of the government’s target of covering three-and-a-half-months worth of imports for 2022, according to a copy of the country’s budget speech delivered by finance minister Ken Ofori-Atta on Thursday.

The Ghanaian government is looking to implement the “new policy regime” of using gold to buy oil products in the first quarter of 2023, in order to counter inflation due to the depreciation of the cedi, Ghana’s currency. The cedi has fallen against the US dollars because there is strong demand for the greenback from oil importers, Bawumia explained in a Facebook post on Thursday. 

By not using the US dollar in the country’s oil trade, the move is expected to reduce the “persistent depreciation” of the cedi, because sellers of fuel in the country will no longer have to take the dollar-cedi exchange rate into account when pricing their products, he added. Readmore here

Dr. Mahamudu Bawumia’s statement on facebook.

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